What does aperture mean?

What is Aperture?

I started photography with no knowledge about aperture in dslr camera but as I keep
on practicing I am now slowly getting familiar with aperture.

Aperture is the opening of the lens where light is coming inside the lens.

When you set your aperture to the lowest f-stop or f1.8 it means that more light
travels into the lens because the lens is widely open and on the other hand, when
you set your aperture to the highest f-stop or f22 it means that less light will travel
into the lens.

Take a look at the image below that I took a while ago. I used 50mm for the shot
and my aperture is f1.8 which means the background is blurry and has more light
coming inside the lens because it is widely open.

Aperture

The image at the is f22 which means everything is in focus and only less light
coming into the lens.

Changing the size of the aperture has effect on the depth of field, the depth of field
is the small area of the image that looks sharp than the other objects of the image.
So when you use f1.8 your subject is sharp and everything else in the background
is blurry while f22 is all the objects in the background and foreground are in focus.

Lets go to night photography

You might ask why some night photographers are using the lowest aperture
and still the images are sharp and in focus? Isn’t that lowest aperture gives you
blurry background?

Take a look at this image

IMG_3933

My settings is 30 seconds, f3.5 and ISO 3200. As you can see I have used the lowest
aperture of the lens which is f3.5 this means that more light travels into the lens.
What I did to get the foreground and background in focus is I set the lens to infinity
which gives the foreground and background in focus.

Look at your lens and find the symbol infinity, set it there and your ready to go.

One more thing, if you want to learn more bring your camera, go out and practice.
I think that’s the best thing to do to learn more.

What does ISO mean?

What is ISO in DSLR camera

IMG_84981

29mm 1/25 f11 ISO 100

When I first got my dlsr camera I don’t know what is ISO and its effect on the image
quality. One day I ask my friend what is ISO and its effect? He said, ISO is the
sensitivity of your camera. The higher the ISO gives brightness to your image, while
lower ISO gives you less brightness to your image. I also observe that in lower ISO,
I can see that the image has no noise while at ISO 3200 gives me noisy or
grainy image.

To give you more understanding what is ISO and its effect I have a example picture
here with different ISO.

ISO

Did you see the difference?

As you can see at ISO 100 the image has better image quality than the image at ISO
3200. I don’t know if you can see the difference in the image.

When taking a picture you should always try to stick at ISO 100 but this is not always
possible specially when you are in a place with less or low conditions. Of course
you need to adjust the ISO until you get the best light. In low light condition or at
night I recommend you to use a tripod so that you don’t need to adjust to higher
ISO and still get the best quality image when getting the shot.

Remember, do not always stick at ISO 100 just to get the best quality image. There
are a lot of images out there that has higher ISO and still get best quality image.

Adjust the ISO only when needed or depending on the light conditions.

Do you have any other questions? Leave them in the comment section below.

Add Beauty to your Landscape Photography

IMG_12511

One of the most beautiful part in capturing landscapes is the sky specially if it is a colorful sky which you can see on the image above. If the sky has no color but has a good light you can still consider the sky to add more beauty on your photo.

Adding a beautiful mountains to your landscape photo can add more beauty to your photo specially if the mountain has different formation or layers of mountains. One more thing is if the light of the sun hits the mountain capture it because that is where you can see how beautiful the landscape is.

If you look at the sky and is developing with good light and colors, capture it right away because after counting minutes the good light will be gone of course don’t just keep on clicking you have to consider also a good foreground, look around you and find a nice foreground.